欧洲杯买球

欧洲杯买球:沙尘卷土重来,蒙古气旋是“幕后推手”

  FENGYUNSIHAOAXINGDEJIANCEHUAMIAN(ZHONGGUOQIXIANGJUGONGTU)   JUZHONGYANGQIXIANGTAIXIAOXI,3YUE27RI,SHOUMENGGUQIXUANJIHOUBULENGKONGQIYINGXIANG,NEIMENGGUJIHUABEIBEIBUDENGDICHUXIANFUCHENHUOYANGSHA,QIZHONGNEIMENGGUXILINGUOLE、CHIFENGJUDICHUXIANSHACHENBAO,KONGQIZHILIANGBAOBIAO。JINRI,BEIFANGDABUDIQURENGSHOUSHACHENKUNRAO,JUDIYOUSHACHENBAOCHUXIAN,YEJIANQIDABUDIQUSHACHENQIANGDUJIANGJIANRUO,KONGQIWURANCHENGDUJIANQING。   JIEZHIDANGQIAN,JINNIAN1YUEZHI3YUEWOGUOBEIFANGDIQUYIJINGCHUXIAN6CISHACHENTIANQIGUOCHENG,QIZHONGLIANGCIWEIQIANGSHACHENBAOGUOCHENG,SHIJIN15NIANYILAIQIANGSHACHENBAOZUIDUODEYINIAN。JUTONGJI,GUOQU10NIANWOGUO1YUEZHI3YUESHACHENTIANQIPINGJUNFASHENGCISHUWEI4CI,QIZHONGQIANGSHACHENBAOFASHENGPINCIDIYU1CI。   CICISHACHENTIANQIGUOCHENGYINHEERQI?YUSHANGYILUNXIANGBIYOUHETEDIAN?MENGGUQIXUANYOUSHIHEFANGSHENSHENG,SHISHACHENTIANQIDE“MUHOUTUISHOU”MA?   QIANGDULVERUO YINGXIANGJIAOXIAO   ZHONGYANGQIXIANGTAISHOUXIYUBAOYUANZHANGTAOJIESHAO,QUNIANDONGJIYILAI,MENGGUGUO、WOGUONEIMENGGUZHONGXIBUJIXIBEIDIQUJIANGSHUICHIXUPIANSHAO,QIEJIXUEFUGAIFANWEIJIAOXIAO;JINNIAN2YUEYILAI,ZHEIXIEDIQUQIWENXIANZHUPIANGAO,DIBIAOTURANGBIANDEBIJIAOSHUSONG,QISHATIAOJIANJIAOHAO,ZHEISHISHACHENTIANQIXINGCHENGDEWUZHIJICHU。   “CICICHUXIANQIANGSHACHENBAOTIANQIZHUYAOSHIYOUYUMENGGUQIXUANHELENGGAOYAPEIHE,JIANGDIBIAOSHACHENXIEDAIZHIGAOKONG,RANHOUYUANJULICHUANSHU。SHACHENQISHAHECHUANSHUDEDONGLITIAOJIANJUNJIAOHAO。”ZHANGTAOBIAOSHI。   TAZHICHU,ZHENGTILAIKAN,XIANGJIAOYU3YUE14RIZHI18RIDEQIANGSHACHENBAOTIANQIGUOCHENG,CICISHACHENTIANQIGUOCHENGQIANGDULVERUO,SHACHENBAOYINGXIANGWEIZHIPIANDONG,QIANGSHACHENBAOFANWEIXIANGDUIGENGXIAO,YANGSHAHUOFUCHENXIANGNANCHUANSHUFANWEILVEXIAO。   CONGSHENGCHENGYUANYINKAN,LIANGCIGUOCHENGDOUSHIYOUZAITONGYIWEIZHISHENGCHENGDEMENGGUQIXUANZAOCHENGDE。CHUNJISHIMENGGUQIXUANDEHUOYUEQI,MENGGUDIQURELITIAOJIANJIAOHAO,RONGYIXINGCHENGNUANREDIYA。   CONGQISHATIAOJIANKAN,3YUE14RIZHI18RIDEQIANGSHACHENBAOTIANQIZHUYAOSHIYOUYULENGGAOYAJIANGMENGGUGUODESHACHENSHUSONGDAOWOGUO,ERQIEFENGHENDA,DAOZHIMENGGUGUODEQISHALIANGTEBIEDA。“ZHEIYICIMENGGUQIXUANLVEXIANGDONGNANFANGXIANGYIDONG,DANHAIDIEJIALENEIMENGGUBENDIDEQISHA,BENDIQISHAYEYOUYIDINGGONGXIAN。”ZHANGTAOJIESHI。   CONGQIANGDUSHANGLAIKAN,QIANYILUNSHACHENDENONGDUGENGGAO。CICISHACHENTIANQIYOUYUMENGGUQIXUANPEIHEHOUBUDEDIMIANLENGGAOYAXITONGMEIYOUSHANGCIQIANG,SUOYIMENGGUGUODEQISHALIANGJIAOSHANGCILVEXIAO。   “CIWAI,CICISHACHENBAODEYINGXIANGFANWEIJIAOSHANGCIYAOXIAOYIXIE,CHIXUSHIJIANYEXIANGDUIPIANDUANYIXIE。”ZHANGTAOSHUO。   MENGGUQIXUANWEIHEFANGSHENSHENG?   MENGGUQIXUANFASHENGHUOFAZHANZAIMENGGUZHONGBUHEDONGBUGAOYUANYIDAI。ZHONGYANGQIXIANGTAIHUANJINGQIXIANGZHONGXINGAOJIGONGCHENGSHIRAOXIAOQINJIESHAO,GAIDIQUDEXIBU、XIBEIBUDUOGAOSHAN,MENGGUZHONGBUHEDONGBUCHUYUBEIFENGPO,YOULIYUQIXUANDESHENGCHENGHEFAZHAN。CHUNQIUJI,LENGNUANKONGQIHUODONGPINFAN,QIXUANCHUXIANCISHUZUIDUO,DONGJICIZHI;XIAJI,FENGQUBEIYI,NUANKONGQIHUODONGZHANYOUSHI,QIXUANXIANZHUJIANSHAO。   MENGGUQIXUANDEYIXINGLUJINGYOULIANGTIAO:YISHIXIANGDONGJINRUWOGUONEIMENGGU,RANHOUJINGDONGBEIPINGYUANYANSONGHUAJIANGXIAYOUJIXUDONGYI;ERSHIDONGNANYIJINRUWOGUOHUABEI,RUBOHAIZAIJINGCHAOXIANBANDAODONGQU。   “MENGGUQIXUANDUIWOGUOBEIFANGTIANQIYINGXIANGHENDA,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIDAFENG、YANGSHAHEJIANGYU,YOUQIYIDAFENGZUIWEITUCHU。”RAOXIAOQINJIESHI,FAZHANQIANGSHENGDEMENGGUQIXUAN,ZAIQIXUANDERENHEBUWEIDOUKENENGCHUXIANDAFENG。   “DANJIANGSHUIYIBANBUDA,SHENZHIMEIYOU,ZHEISHIYINWEIQIXUANNEINUANKONGQIDUOLAIZIQINGZANGGAOYUANDEDONGBEIBUHEHEXIZOULANGYIDAI,SHUIQIBUZU,CHANGCHANGCHULEZHONGXINBEIBUCHUXIANYIXIEJIANGSHUIWAI,QITADIQUDUOBANZHIYOUGAOYUN。”RAOXIAOQINBIAOSHI,WOGUOBEIFANGDECHUNJIDAFENGTIANQIDUOYUGAIQIXUANYINGXIANGYOUGUAN。   “ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,MENGGUQIXUANDEHUODONG,ZONGSHIBANYOULENGKONGQIDEQINXI,SUOYIDAFENG、FENGSHAHESHUANGDONGDENGTIANQIXIANXIANGKENENGSUIZHIERLAI。”RAOXIAOQINTIXING。   FENGYUNWEIXINGFUKANSHACHEN   GUOJIAWEIXINGQIXIANGZHONGXINYAOGANYINGYONGSHIFUZHURENWUXIAOJINGJIESHAO,SHACHENTIANQISHENGCHENGHOU,WOGUOLIYONGFENGYUNSIHAOQIXIANGWEIXINGSHISHIJIANCESHACHENDEZHENGGEYIDONGGUOCHENG,MEI5FENZHONGHUOQUYICIWEIXINGGUANCETUXIANG。   ZHEICISHACHENGUOCHENGDEZHONGYAO“MUHOUTUISHOU”MENGGUQIXUANDEYUNXILUOXUANZHONGXINQUZAINEIMENGGUDONGBEIBUQINGXIKEJIAN。CONGWEIXINGSHACHENJIANCETUKEYIKANCHU,SHACHENZHUYAOWEIYUMENGGUGUONANBU、WOGUONEIMENGGUXIBUHEZHONGBUPIANBEIDIQU。   LIANXUJIANCEXIANSHI:3YUE27RI15SHI,SHACHENQUJIXUXIANGDONGNANFANGXIANGKUOSAN,MUQIANSHACHENQUZHUYAOFENBUZAIMENGGUGUODONGBUHENANBU、WOGUONEIMENGGUXIBUHEZHONGBUPIANBEIDIQUDENGDI。JIEZHI3YUE28RI9SHI,WEIXINGJIANCEDAODESHACHENQUJIBENWEIYUWOGUOJINGNEI,WEIXINGKESHIMIANJIDA87.1WANPINGFANGGONGLI。   LAIYUAN:http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2021/3/455182.shtm

2020-03-30

欧洲杯买球:南极布伦特冰架一冰川发生断裂 面积约...

  TUPIANLAIYUANYUWANGLUO   DANGDISHIJIAN2YUE26RI,YIKUAIMIANJIYUEWEI1270PINGFANGGONGLIDEBINGCHUANCONGNANJIZHOUBULUNTEBINGJIASHANGFENLICHULAI。BULUNTEBINGJIASHANGYOUYINGGUODEHALEIKANCEJIDI,BUGUOYOUYUYIQINGHEQIHOU,GAIJIDIMUQIANBINGMEIYOUGONGZUORENYUAN。   AGENTINGNANJIYANJIUSUODEKEYANRENYUANBIAOSHI,YOUYUBINGJIAXUYAOBAOCHIPINGHENG,BINGCHUANDUANLIESHIZHENGCHANGDEZIRANXIANXIANG。ERQIEJINGGUOCHANGNIANDEGUANCHAYANJIU,BULUNTEBINGJIASHANGDEBINGCHUANFENLIXIANXIANGBINGWEISHOUDAOQIHOUBIANHUADEXIANZHUYINGXIANG。AGENTINGKEYANRENYUANJIANGHUIMIQIEGUANCHABINGCHUANWEIZHIDEBIANHUA,YIBIANWEIXIAYIGEKEKAOQIGUIHUAHANGXINGLUXIAN。   MUQIAN,NANJIDEXIAJIYIJINGJIESHU,SONGWANGNANJIKEKAOZHANDEDABUFENDEBUJIDOUYIJINGJIESHU,ZHIYOUJISHAOSHUDECHUANZHIHUIDIDABULUNTEBINGJIADIQU,SUOYIBINGCHUANPOLIEBUHUIDUIGAIDIQUDEHANGXINGYOUTAIDADEYINGXIANG。(ZONGTAIJIZHE LIUXIN)   LAIYUAN:http://news.sciencenet.cn/htmlnews/2021/3/453730.shtm

2020-03-02

欧洲杯买球:深海氧气水平受海冰影响

  TUPIANLAIZIWANGLUO   2021NIAN2YUE4RI,《ZIRAN·DIQIUKEXUE》(Nature Geoscience)FABIAOTIWEI《SHENHAIYANGQISHUIPINGSHOUHAIBINGYINGXIANG》(Abrupt changes in the global carbon cycle during the last glacial period)DEWENZHANGZHICHU,ZAIMOCIBINGQISHIQI,DALIANGDEHAIBINGDAOZHIYANGQIWUFAJINRUSHENHAI,ZHEIZHONGGANRAOSHIYANGQIYUERYANGHUATANZHIJIANDEGUANXIFUZAHUA。   HAIYANGZAITANXUNHUANZHONGQIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,DAQIZHONGDEERYANGHUATANZAIHAIYANGBIAOMIANRONGJIE,HAIYANGZHONGDEZAOLEIJIANGTANZHUANHUAWEIYOUJIWU,TANXIACHENDAOSHENHAIDETONGSHI,YOUJIWUDEHUXIZUOYONGHUIXISHOUYANGQI。JIANGTANCONGHAIYANGBIAOMIANZHUANYIDAOSHENHAIDEGUOCHENGCHENGWEISHENGWUBENG。ERHAIBINGTONGGUOFANGZHIYANGQIJINRUHAIYANG,ZAIHAIYANGZHONGQIDAOLEPINGZHANGDEZUOYONG。   SUIZHEHAIYANGWENDUSHENGGAO,HAIYANGDEYANGQIHANLIANGBUDUANJIANGDI,ZHEIYIQUSHIJIANGZHANGQICHIXU。YANJIURENYUANJUCIYUCEZAIHAISHUIWENDUJIAODIDEMOCIBINGQISHIQI,YANGQINONGDUJIAOGAO。RANERCONGHAIDIXIAFANGSHOUJIDECHENJIWUBIAOMINGMOCIBINGQISHIQISHENHAIYANGQIHANLIANGJIAODI。GAIJIEGUOYUXIANQIANZHENDUISHENHAIZHONGYANGQIHEERYANGHUATANZHIJIANGUANXIDERENSHIXIANGMAODUN。WEILETANJIUQIYUANYIN,YANJIURENYUANLIYONGMOXINGJISUANLESHENHAIZHONGJIAODIDEYANGQIHANLIANG。YANJIUBIAOMING,BIAOCENGHAISHUIYUDAQIZHIJIANDEBUJUNHENGZAITANXUNHUANZHONGQIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,SHOUCIYINGXIANG,SHENHAIYANGQIDENONGDUYOUSUOJIANGDI。ERZHEIZHONGBUJUNHENGZHUANGTAIZHUYAOSHINANDAYANGSHANGFANGDEJUDAHAIBINGHEBINGQISHIQIDAQIDETIEFEILIAOHANLIANGJIAOGAODAOZHIDE。   GAIYANJIUDEJIEGUOBIAOMINGSHENHAIYANGQIHANLIANGBUJINSHOUSHENGWUBENGDEYINGXIANG,HAISHOUHAIBINGFANWEIDEYINGXIANG,YOUYUMUQIANDEQIHOUMOXINGWUFAJIANGSHENGWUBENGHEQITAYINSUDUIHAIBINGZHONGYANGQIHANLIANGDEYINGXIANGQUFENKAILAI,GAIYANJIUDEFANGFAYINCIKEYONGYUWEILAIDEQIHOUMOXING。 (XUEMINGMEI,WANGJINPING BIANYI)   LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANLANZHOUWENXIANQINGBAOZHONGXIN《ZIYUANHUANJINGKEXUEDONGTAIJIANCEKUAIBAO》2021NIANDI04QI   (ZHUANZAIBENWENQINGZHUMINGLAIYUANJIZUOZHE)

2020-03-02

欧洲杯买球:保护泥炭地对减缓气候变化至关重要

  2020NIAN12YUE7RI,《ZIRAN·QIHOUBIANHUA》(Nature Climate Change)FABIAOTIWEI《QUANQIUNITANDITANHUIWEILAICUIRUOXINGDEZHUANJIAPINGGUDEWENZHANGZHICHU,BAOHUSHIJIENITANDIJIQISUOBAOHANDEDALIANGTANHUIDUIJIANHUANQIHOUBIANHUAZHIGUANZHONGYAO。   YUJI21SHIJINITANDIDETANPINGHENGJIANGCONGHUIXIANGYUANZHUANBIAN。DANSHI,YONGYUWEILAIQIHOUBIANHUAYUCEDEZHUYAODIQIUXITONGMOXINGZHONGRENGRANHULVELENITANDISHENGTAIXITONG,BINGQIEZAIYINGXIANGHEJIANHUANYANJIUZHONGSHIYONGDEZONGHEPINGGUMOXINGZHONGBINGWEIKAOLVDAONITANDISHENGTAIXITONG。MEIGUODEZHOUNONGGONGDAXUE(Texas A&M University )DEKEYANRENYUANLINGDAODEGUOJIYANJIUXIAOZU,JIYUWENXIANZONGSHUYUZHUANJIADIAOYAN,DINGYIBINGLIANGHUAZAIQUANXINSHIQIJIANYINGXIANGNITANDITANCHUCUNBIANHUADEZHUYAOQUDONGYINSU,BINGYUCEQIZAI21SHIJIHEWEILAIDEYINGXIANG。YANJIUHAIQUEDINGLEKEXUEJIEDEBUQUEDINGXINGYUZHISHICHAJU,BINGTIGONGLEJIANGNITANDIGENGHAODIZHENGHEDAOJIANMOKUANGJIAZHONGDEJIANSHI。   YANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING,2020—2100NIAN,QUANQIUNITANDIKENENGHUISHIFANGCHAOGUO1000YIDUNTAN,JINGUANBUQUEDINGXINGRENGRANHENDA。KAOLVDAONITANDIDUIQUANQIUTANXUNHUANGONGXIANDEZHONGYAOXING,ZHEIXIANGYANJIUBIAOMINGNITANDIKEXUESHIYIGEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEYANJIULINGYU,YAOCHONGFENLIJIENITANDI-TAN-QIHOUGUANXI,WEILAIHAIYOUHENZHANGDELUYAOZOU。(PEIHUIJUAN BIANYI)   LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANLANZHOUWENXIANQINGBAOZHONGXIN《QIHOUBIANHUAKEXUEDONGTAIJIANCEKUAIBAO》2021NIANDI01QI   (ZHUANZAIBENWENQINGZHUMINGLAIYUANJIZUOZHE)

2020-01-06

欧洲杯买球:NASA科学家怀疑日震起源可能潜伏在太...

  JUWAIMEICNETBAODAO,TAIYANGFASHENGDEJULIEZHENDONGBEICHENGWEI“RIZHEN”,ERMEIGUOYUHANGJU(NASA)DEYANJIUJIESHILEGENGDUOGUANYUZHEIXIESHIJIANJIQISHENMIDEQIYUAN。 “ZHEIXIELEISIDIZHENDESHIJIANYIBOLANGDEXINGSHISHIFANGCHUSHENGNENG,ZAITAIYANGYAOBAN--TAIYANGWAICENGDAQIZHONGKANDAODEGUANG、NENGLIANGHEWUZHIDEBAOFA--ZHIHOUDEJIFENZHONGNEI,YANZHETAIYANGBIAOMIANQIFU,JIUXIANGHUMIANSHANGDEBOLANGYIYANG,”NASAZAIZHOUYIDEYIFENSHENGMINGZHONGSHUO。      YANJIURENYUANYUANBENRENWEIRIZHENSHIYOUTAIYANGWAIBUDAQIZHONGDELILIANGSUOYINQIDE,DANNASADETAIYANGDONGLIXUEGUANCEZHAN(SDO)ZAI2011NIANGUANCHADAO “ZHONGDENGQIANGDUDETAIYANGYAOBANFACHUDEYICHANGJIANRUIDEBOWEN”DETAIYANG“DIZHEN”HUODONGSHI,FAXIANLEYIXIEYINRENZHUMUDESHUJU。      SHIPINZHONGZUOBIANSHI2011NIAN7YUE30RITAIYANG“DIZHEN”DEQUYU,YOUBIANSHIXIANGGUANTAIYANGYAOBANFASHENGHOU42FENZHONGDE“DIZHEN”BOWEN。   SDODETAIYANGDIZHENHECILICHENGXIANGYIYIQINENGGOUZHUIZONGDAOTAIYANGBIAOMIANXIA700YINGLI(1130GONGLI)DETAIYANG“DIZHEN”BOYUAN。ZHEIYIFAXIANDIANFULERENMENDUIRIZHENQIYUANDEXIANGFA。   YIGEYANJIUXIAOZUYU2020NIANNIANDIZAI《TIANTIWULIXUEZAZHITONGXUN》SHANGFABIAOLEYIXIANGGUANYURIZHENDEYANJIU。“KEXUEJIAMENRENGRANMEIYOUQUEDINGDAODISHISHENMEJIZHIZHENZHENGDAOZHILERIZHEN,BUGUOYANJIUJIEGUOQUESHITIGONGLEXIANSUO,JIRIZHENDEQIYUANHENKENENGQIANFUZAIBIAOMIANZHIXIA。”NASASHUO。   YANJIURENYUANXIWANGSHOUJIGENGDUOGUANYURIZHENDESHUJU,KANKANQITA“DIZHEN”SHIFOUYOULEISI2011NIANSHIJIANDESHENCENGQIYUANGUSHI。   JINNIANLAI,TAIYANGYIZHISHIMEIGUOYUHANGJUHEQITAJIGOUYANJIUDEYIDAJIAODIAN。PAKETAIYANGTANCEQIHETAIYANGGUIDAOQIHANGTIANQIYEYIZHIZAIFAHUIXINDESHUJU,YINWEIKEXUEJIASHITULEJIETAIYANGDEGONGZUOYUANLIYIJITARUHEYINGXIANGWOMENDETAIYANGXIHEDIQIU。   LAIYUAN:http://tech.huanqiu.com/article/41P0RcLScZr

2020-01-06

  DIZHENSHIRENLEIMIANLINDEZUIWEIQIANGDADEZIRANZAIHAIZHIYI。CONGGUZHIJIN,RENLEIYIZHIZAIJIEJINSUONENGLAIYINGDUIDIZHENDAILAIDEFENGXIANHEPOHUAI。JINNIANLAIDEYIXILIEQIANGZHEN——2008NIANWENCHUANDADIZHEN、2011NIANDONGRIBENDADIZHENDENG,SHIRENMENBUDUANJINGXING——DIZHENDEDUANLINYUCENANYIZHUNQUESHIXIAN。YUSHI,DIZHENYUJINGKAISHIBEISHOUGUANZHU1。SUIZHEGAOXINGNENGJISUAN、RENGONGZHINENGZHANGZUFAZHAN,DIZHENYUJING、JIANCE、MONIHESHUJUDENGDIZHENKEJIYANJIUBUDUANJINBU,SHIRENLEINENGGOUGENGHAODIZHUNBEIBINGJINXINGYINGJIXIANGYING,JIANSHAOSHENZHIBIMIANBUBIYAODERENSHEN、CAICHANSUNSHI。   1 DIZHENYUJING:QIANLIYUJUXIANDETAOLUN   ZAIDIZHENYUJINGXITONGFACHUJINGBAODESHIHOU,YIBANYOULIANGZHONGCELVE。YIZHONGSHIZAIYOUWEIXIAOZHENDONGDESHIHOUJIUFACHUJINGBAO,BINGJINKENENGTIGONGJIAOZHANGDEYUJINGSHIJIAN,DANSHICUNZAIFACHUDUOCIJINGBAOQUEMEIYOUFASHENGPOHUAIXINGDIMIANHUANGDONGDEQINGKUANG;LINGYIZHONGSHIJINZAIKENENGFASHENGPOHUAIXINGDIMIANHUANGDONGDESHIHOUFACHUJINGBAO,DANSHIJINGBAOFACHUDESHIJIANHUIBIJIAOWAN,ERQIEYONGHUCAIQUYINGJIXINGDONGDESHIJIANHUIXIANGYINGDIDAFUSUODUAN。   MEIGUODIZHIDIAOCHAJU(USGS)DEKEXUEJIAJIQIHEZUOHUOBANTONGGUOFENXIDIZHENGUIMOSUISHIJIANDEZENGZHANGBIANHUA、YIJIDIZHENBODAODAYONGHUSUOZAIWEIZHIDESHIJIAN,CONGERJISUANLEDIZHENYUJINGXITONGKENENGXIANGRENMENTIGONGDEYUJINGSHIJIAN(YUJINGJIBIECONGQINGWEIZHENDONGYIZHIDAOQIANGLIEHUANGDONG)。2018NIANFABIAOZAIScience AdvancesSHANGDEZHEIYIYANJIU[1]YOUZHUYUSHEJIDIZHENZAOQIYUJINGXITONGDEJINGBAOCELVE,RUUSGSZHENGWEIMEIGUOXIHAIANKAIFADEShakeAlert。   XIANDAIDIZHENYUJINGXITONGKEYIJIANCEBUDUANBIANHUADEDIBIAOPOLIEQINGKUANG,JINERXIANGYUJIHUIFASHENGYIDINGCHENGDUZHENDONGDEDIQUFACHUJINGBAO。RUGUODIZHENPOLIEZENGQIANG,SHOUYINGXIANGQUYUKUODA,JINGBAOKENENGHUIGENGXINBINGKUOZHANDAOXINDEWEIZHI。DANSHI,ZHIYOUZAIDIZHENZENGQIANGDAOZUGOUDADECHENGDU,BINGQIEDUANCENGPOLIEJIEJINYONGHUSUOZAIWEIZHISHI,YONGHUCAIHUIGANSHOUDAOFEICHANGQIANGLIEDEDIMIANYUNDONG。ERRENLEIMUQIANWUFAYUZHIMOUCIDIZHENKAISHIHOUQIZUIZHONGGUIMOHUIYOUDUODA。YINCI,GAIYANJIUDEHEZUOZHEUSGSDIZHENXUEJIAAnnemarie BaltayBIAOSHI,DUINEIXIEZAISHOUDAODIJIBIEDIMIANZHENDONGJINGBAOHOUNENGGOUCAIQUBAOHUCUOSHIDERENQUNERYAN,DIZHENYUJINGXITONGJUYOUZUIDAQIANZAISHOUYI。RUGUOJINGBAOZHIZAIQIANGLIEZHENDONGSHIFACHU,RENMENJIANGMEIYOUDUOSHAOSHIJIANLAIXIANGYINGBINGCAIQUJINJIXINGDONG。   2019NIAN2YUE,YANJIURENYUANZAIScientific ReportsFAWEN[2]JINYIBUZHICHU,DUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,DIZHENYUJINGXITONGWEIFACHUJINGBAO,DANYONGHUQUEKENENGZAOYUJUYOUPOHUAIXINGDEZHENDONG,YINCI,DANGYONGHUJUEDINGRENSHOUWUBAO,JIXUANZEJIESHOUZAOCHENGSUNHAIDEKENENGYUANDIYUYUQIDIMIANYUNDONGJIBIEDEJINGBAOSHI,DIZHENYUJINGXITONGCAIKEYIXIANZHUJIANQINGDIZHENSUNSHI,ERZHEISHIDIZHENYUJINGXITONGDEZUIJIAJINGBAOCELVE。   2 DIZHENMONI:WULIMOXINGZAIXIANTONGJIMOXINGJIEGUO   DIZHENJIQUANSHIJIEDERENYUANHECHENGSHIDAILAILEZHONGDAWEIXIE,DANSHI,TONGGUOYIXILIEZHENGQUEDEJIANZAICUOSHI——CONGYANGEDEJIANZHUYAOQIUDAOJINGXINDEGUIHUA,KEYIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYOUXIAOKONGZHIDIZHENZAOCHENGDEDAOLUHEJIANZHUWUDEZAINANXINGSUNHUAIHERENYUANSHANGWANG。RANER,SUOYOUZHEIXIECUOSHIDOUYILAIYUGAOZHILIANGDEDIZHENZAIHAIMONIFENXI。MUQIANDEMOXINGYILAIYUYIXILIEBUQUEDINGDEJIASHE,YOUYUDADIZHENZHIJIANDESHIJIANJIANGEHENZHANG,HENNANZAIXIANSHISHIJIEZHONGDUIYUCEJINXINGCESHI。   MEIGUOGELUNBIYADAXUELAMENGTE—DUOERDIDIQIUGUANCEZHAN、NANJIAZHOUDAXUE、JIAZHOUDAXUEHEBINFENXIAOHEMEIGUODIZHIDIAOCHAJUDEYANJIURENYUANGONGTONGTICHULEYIGEWULIMOXING,ZAIXIANLEJIAZHOUDIZHENTONGJIMOXINGDEYUCEJIEGUO。YANJIURENYUANBIAOSHI,ZHEIBIAOZHIZHEDIZHENYUBAODEZHUANZHEDIANYIJINGDAOLAI。XIANGGUANYANJIUCHENGGUO[3]YU2018NIAN8YUE22RIFABIAOZAIScience AdvancesSHANG。YANJIURENYUANZAICHAOJIJISUANJISHANGMONILEJIN50WANNIANLAIDEJIAZHOUDIZHEN,BINGJIANGQIYUDANGQIANZUIWANMEIDEDIZHENTONGJIMOXING(JIYU100NIANDEYIQICELIANGSHUJU)DEDAODEPINGGUJIEGUOXIANGBIJIAO。JIEGUOFAXIAN,LIANGZHEXIANGHUPIPEI。ZHEIYIXIANGHUYANZHENGDEJIEGUOZENGJIALEDUIJIAZHOUDANGQIANDIZHENFENGXIANYUCEDEZHICHI,YOUZHUYUZHENGGEJIAZHOUSHEDINGBAOXIANFEILVHEJIANZHUBIAOZHUN。TONGSHI,JIEGUOHAIBIAOMING,ZHEIYIJIYUWULIDEMOXINGZAIYUCEDIZHENZAIHAIHEPINGGUJIAZHOUJIQITADIZHENDUOFAQUDEFENGXIANMOXINGDEZUOYONGHUIYUELAIYUEDA。   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FANGYANSHIJIE,MIJIDEDIANXINWANGLUOZHONGYOUWUSHUDEGUANGLANBIANBUQUANQIU,SUOYIZHEIYIXINFANGFAYOUHENDUOYOUDIAN。TEBIESHIZAIJUYOUGAODIZHENFENGXIANDEDACHENGSHI,LIRUJIUJINSHAN、MOXIGECHENG、DONGJINGHUOYISITANBUER,YIJIXUDUOQITADIFANG,ZHEIZHONGGUANGLANKEYIWEIXIANYOUDEDIZHENCELIANGZHUANGZHITIGONGDICHENGBENQIEFUGAIMIANGUANGDEBUCHONGXINXI。TONGSHI,QIHAICUNZAIXUDUOQITAQIANZAIYINGYONG,BAOKUOCHENGSHIDIZHENWEIXIANXINGFENXI、QUANQIUDIZHENCHENGXIANG、HAIDIHUOSHANTANCE、HAIDIDIZHEN、HAIDIBANKUAIYUNDONG、HEBAOJIANCEHEWEIDIZHENBIAOZHENGDENG。   4 DIZHENSHUJUFENXI:RENGONGZHINENGDECHUBUJIERU   TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,RENMENXIANTICHUJIASHE,RANHOUZAIJINXINGJIANYAN,DANSHI,JIEZHURENGONGZHINENG2,KEYIYIZUISHAODERENLITOURUHUODECHUANTONGFANGFANANYIHUODEDEXINFAXIAN。   ZAIDUIMEIGUOJIAZHOUJIANXIEQUANDIREQUDEYANJIUZHONG,GELUNBIYADAXUEDEYANJIURENYUANHUIBIANLEHANYOU46000CIDIZHENDEDIZHENMULU,QIEMEIGEDOUYINENGLIANGBOXINGZAIZHENDONGTUZHONGBIAOSHI,ZAICIJICHUSHANGHUIZHICHUDIZHENBOPINLVSUISHIJIANBIANHUADETUPU——ZHEISHIYIZHONGYISHENGYINBODONGBIANHUALAIBIAOSHIDIZHENBOBIANHUADETUPU,ERTONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIADIZHENXUEJIATONGGUOFENXIZHENDONGTULAIPINGGUDIZHENDEZHENJIHEZHENYUAN,RANHOU,JIEZHUJIQIXUEXIGONGJUZHONGDEJULEISUANFAJIANGZHEIXIETUPUFENZUXINGCHENGCU,BINGYUJIANXIEQUANDEMEIYUEPINGJUNZHUSHUILIANG3JINXINGPIPEI。2018NIAN5YUE,YANJIURENYUANZAIScience 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  2018NIAN12YUE,Nature GeoscienceZAIXIANFABIAOLELIANGPIANSHEJIJIQIXUEXIYUDIZHENYANJIUDELUNWEN[8-9]。ZHEILIANGPIANLUNWENDEZHUYAOYANJIUZHELAIZIMEIGUOLUOSIALAMOSIGUOJIASHIYANSHI(LANL),TONGSHIHAIYOULAIZIBINXIFANIYAZHOULIDAXUE(PSU)DEHEZUOZHE。YANJIURENYUANLIYONGJIQIXUEXIFANGFAJIANCEDIZHENXINHAO,ZHUNQUEDIYUCELEKASIKADIYA(Cascadia)DUANCENGDEHUANMANHUADONG——ZHEIZHONGPOLIEZAIQITAFUCHONGDAIFASHENGDADIZHENZHIQIANCENGGUANCEDAO。YINCI,ZHEYANWEILAI,RENGONGZHINENGFANGFASHIYANJIUDIZHENDEQUANXINFANGSHI,QIZAIYUANSHISHUJUZHONGFAXIANLEFEICHANGXIWEIDECHAYI,JINERHUODELEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEFAXIAN。YUCITONGSHI,RENGONGZHINENGHAIBANGZHUYANJIURENYUANJIANLILEDIZHENYUQITAYINSU(RUDIYIXIANGYANJIUZHONGDEZHUSHUILIANGBODONG)DELIANXI,CONGERWEIXINYANJIUJIEGUODEJIESHITIGONGLEBANGZHU。CIWAI,QIHAIYOUZHUYUYANJIURENYUANZAIRENGONGZHINENGSUOHUOXINFAXIANDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGJIASHEHETUIDUAN,JINERBANGZHUJIANSHAOCHUFAJIAODADIZHENDEKENENGXING,YEKEBANGZHUYUCEDIZHENFENGXIANYIJIXIANGGUANYUFANGJIYINGJICUOSHIDEZHUNBEI。   5 ZHANWANG   2015NIAN,MEIGUOJIAZHOUDAXUELUOSHANJIFENXIAO(UCLA)DELILUNWULIXUEJIAWilliam Newman(YIZHICONGSHIJISUANHEYINGYONGSHUXUEYANJIU,ERQIEHAIBASHUXUEYINGYONGYUZIRANZAIHAIYANJIU,RUDIZHENHEQIHOUBIANHUA)ZHICHU[10],DANGQIANZUIYOUKENENGZUODAODESHI——DUIYIDINGSHIJIANCHUANGKOUNEIDEMOUYIDILIQUYUZUOCHUZAIHAIGAOFENGXIANPINGGU,DANYONGYUANBUHUIJINGQUEDIZHIDAOFASHENGDESHIJIAN,DUIDIZHENERYAN,HAODEYUCEQIANJINGSHENZHIBIQIXIANGYUCEGENGNANYIQIDAI(HUNDUNDONGLIXUEHEFUZAXING)。   NEIME,WEISHENMEHAIYAOSHITUYUCEDIZHENNI?DUIYUZHEIYANGYIGEWENTI,HENDUORENHUIXUANZETAOBI。DANSHI,SHUXUEJIA、JISUANJIKEXUEJIA、WULIXUEJIA、DIZHIXUEJIA、GONGCHENGSHIHESHEHUIKEXUEJIADOUZAIZHEIGEWENTISHANGJINXINGLEGONGTONGNULI、BINGZUOCHULEGONGXIAN,MEIGEXINDEFAXIANDOUNENGGAISHANKEXUEJIEDUIZHEIGEFEICHANGFUZADEWENTIDERENSHI。SUIZHEYIQIDERIYIJINGQUEHUA、DIZHENSHUJUDEJIZENG、GAOXINGNENGJISUANDEFAZHAN、RENGONGZHINENGJISHUDEYINGYONG,KEXUEJIAMENDUIDIZHENJIANGYOUGENGHAODELEJIE。   LEJIEWEISHENMEDIZHENFASHENG,YIJIDIZHENSHIRUHEFASHENGDE,KEYIBANGZHUZHUANJIAJIANLIGENGHAODEMOXING,JISHITABUNENGGAOSURENMENYIGEJINGQUEDERIQIHESHIJIAN,DANSUIZHEZHISHIDEZENGJIA,TONGSHIJIASHANGZUIJIADEDIZHENYUJINGCELVE,JIUKEYIGENGHAODIZHUNBEIBINGJINXINGDIZHENYINGJIXIANGYING,JINERHUODEZHENGTISHANGDEZUIJIASHOUYIBIAOXIAN。   (ZHAOJIDONG ZHUANGAO)   CANKAOWENXIAN:   [1] Minson S E, Meier M A, Baltay A S, et al. 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[WUXINNIAN] ZHUANGAO

  2013NIAN“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYITICHUYILAI,CONGYUANJINGDAOXIANSHI,ZHENGZAICHAOZHEHEPING、FANRONG、KAIFANG、LVSE、CHUANGXIN、WENMINGDEFANGXIANGBUDUANZOUSHENZOUSHI。GUONEIXUEZHEMENYEJINMIWEIRAO“YIDAIYILU”ZHEIYIZHUTIKAIZHANLEDALIANGDELILUNYANJIU,CHANCHULEFENGFUDEYANJIUCHENGGUO。QIZHONG,KEYANLUNWENZUOWEIKEYANHUODONGDEZHONGYAOERZHIJIEDECHANCHU,NENGGOUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHENSHIFANYINGYANJIUNEIRONGDEFAZHANXIANZHUANGHEQUSHI。WEICI,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANLANZHOUWENXIANQINGBAOZHONGXINYANJIURENYUANCAIYONGWENXIANJILIANGFANGFA,TONGGUODUI “YIDAIYILU”TICHUYILAIXIANGGUANDEZHENGCEHEYANJIULUNWENJINXINGFENXI,YIQICONGZHENGCEHEYANJIULUNWENDEJIAODUJIEDU“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYIXIANGGUANYANJIUDEFAZHANQUSHI,JIANGSHU“YIDAIYILU”CONG“DAXIEYI”DAO“GONGBIHUA”DEFAZHANMAILUO。   GUONEIYANJIUTAISHIDEYANJIUSHUJULAIYUANWEICNKIHEXINQIKANLUNWENSHUJUKU[1]。SHUJUJIANSUOSHIJINLIANGHANGAI“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUDEZHULIULINGYU,DANWEISHEJI“YIDAIYILU”KUOZHANJIYINSHENLINGYU。      2.1LUNWENSHULIANGNIANDUBIANHUA   (1)GUONEI“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUDELUNWEN2014NIANYIHOUBIANKAISHIJINGPENSHIFAZHAN,NIANJUNZENGZHANGLVWEICHIZAI240%YISHANG,2018NIANLUNWENCHANCHUYICHAOGUO5000PIAN。   (2)YUGU2019NIANGUONEIGUANYU“YIDAIYILU”YANJIULUNWENCHANCHULIANGJIANGJIEJIN10000PIAN。      TU1 GUONEI“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUZENGZHANGQUSHI   2.2、RENWENSHEHUIKEXUEJIGOUJIZONGHEXINGDAXUEBIAOXIANTUCHU!   (1)ZHONGGUOKAIZHAN“YIDAIYILU”KEXUEYANJIUDEKEYANDANWEIZHUYAOJIZHONGYUGUOLIKEYANJIGOUHEZONGHEXINGGAOXIAO。   (2)RENWENSHEHUIKEXUEWEIZHUDEYANJIUJIGOUHEZONGHEXINGDAXUEZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI,QICISHIZONGHEXINGGAOXIAOYIJIWAIMAO、WAIJIAODENGGUOJIJIAOLIUJIGOU。   2.3GUONEIHEXINQIKANLUNWENZHUYAOGUANZHUNAXIEZHUTI?   (1)LUNWENGUANJIANCICUGUINAWEI7GEZHUTI:“YIDAIYILU”JIANSHEYUTOUZIMAOYI、DIYUANZHENGZHIYUWAIJIAO、JINGJIYUWENHUACHANYERONGHE、ZOUCHUQUZHANLVEYANJIU、DUIWAITOUZIMOSHIYANJIU、GUOJIQUYUHEZUOXIADEHULIANHUTONG、RENMINBIGUOJIHUAYUJINRONGYE。   (2)GUONEIGUANYU“YIDAIYILU”DEYANJIUGENGJIASHENRUHEQUANMIAN,HANGAIJINGJI、ZHENGZHI、WENHUA、SHEHUI、SHENGTAIDENGGELINGYU,QIZHONGDIANZAIJINGJITOUZIMAOYI、DIYUANZHENGZHIYUWAIJIAOYIJIDUIWAIKAIFANGDEMOSHIYANJIUDENG[2]。    TU2 GUANJIANCIJULEIGUANLIANTU   2.4 GUONEIHEXINQIKANLUNWENZHUYAOGUANZHUNAXIEDIQU/GUOJIA?   (1)QUYUCHIDUSHANG,“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUZHONGDIANGUANZHUDEQUYU/GUOJIAYICIWEI:ZHONGGUO、“YIDAIYILU”YANXIANGUOJIA、MEIGUO、ELUOSI、YINDU、ZHONGYA、DONGMENG、ZHONGDONGOU、DONGNANYA、RIBEN、NANYA、OUZHOU、JINZHUANGUOJIA、BEIMEIZHOU、YAZHOU、BAJISITAN、ZHONGDONG、HASAKESITAN、ALABOGUOJIA、FEIZHOU、ZHONGYAWUGUO、MENGGU、YINGGUO、MALAIXIYAHETUERQIDENG。TAMENSHIBUSHIZHUYAOFENBUZAI“YIDAIYILU”YANXIANJIQIYUWOMENWAIJIAOPINFANDEGUOJIANI?    TU3 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIUREDIANQUYUGUOJIAFENBU   2.5 GUONEIHEXINQIKANLUNWENZHUYAOGUANZHUNAXIESHENGSHIQU?   (1)“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUBIJIAODUODESHENGSHIQUZHUYAOFENBUZAIYANHAIJIGUSICHOUZHILUYANXIAN,ZHEIXIEDIQUGENGSHOUDAOGUONEIXUEZHEDEGUANZHU。   (2)BUTONGDIQUSUOYANJIUDEZHUTIBUJINXIANGTONG。BIRU,YANJIUXIZANGDEDABUFENLUNWENZHUYAOPIANXIANGWENHUAJIZONGJIAOLINGYU,YANJIUXINJIANGDELUNWENZHUYAOCEZHONGYU“YIDAIYILU”MENHUJIDUIWAIKAIFANGMOSHIDEYANJIUDENG。    TU4 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIUREDIANQUYUSHENGFENFENBU   2.6 GUONEILUNWENYUGUOJIAZHENGCEDEGUANXI    TU5 GUONEILUNWENYUGUOJIAZHENGCEDEGUANXI   [1]WENXIANXUANZECNKI(ZHONGGUOXUESHUQIKAN)SHUJUKUSHOULUDEHEXINQIKAN,CAIYONGGAOJIJIANSUO,JIANSUORIQIWEI2019NIAN4YUE11RI。   [2] CANKAOWENXIAN:WANGLIANXI. “YIDAIYILU”:YANJIUREDIANYUXINXINGZHUTIFAZHANFENXI*[J]. QINGBAOZAZHI, 2019(02)。   [ NIUYIBO QUJIANSHENG ZHANGSHULIANG XIAOXIANTAO WANGBAO] ZHUANGAO   (BANQUANSHUOMING:ZHUANZAIQINGLIANXIBENZHONGXIN、BINGQINGBEIZHULAIYUANJIZUOZHEXINXI。)

  2013NIAN“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYITICHUYILAI,CONGYUANJINGDAOXIANSHI,ZHENGZAICHAOZHEHEPING、FANRONG、KAIFANG、LVSE、CHUANGXIN、WENMINGDEFANGXIANGBUDUANZOUSHENZOUSHI。QUANQIUXUEZHEMENYEJINMIWEIRAO“YIDAIYILU”ZHEIYIZHUTIKAIZHANLEDALIANGDELILUNYANJIU,CHANCHULEFENGFUDEYANJIUCHENGGUO。QIZHONG,KEYANLUNWENZUOWEIKEYANHUODONGDEZHONGYAOERZHIJIEDECHANCHU,NENGGOUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHENSHIFANYINGYANJIUNEIRONGDEFAZHANXIANZHUANGHEQUSHI。WEICI,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANLANZHOUWENXIANQINGBAOZHONGXINYANJIURENYUANCAIYONGWENXIANJILIANGFANGFA,TONGGUODUI “YIDAIYILU”TICHUYILAIXIANGGUANDEYANJIULUNWENJINXINGJILIANGFENXI,YIQICONGYANJIULUNWENDEJIAODUJIEDU“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYIXIANGGUANYANJIUDEFAZHANQUSHI,JIANGSHU“YIDAIYILU”CONG“DAXIEYI”DAO“GONGBIHUA”DEFAZHANMAILUO。   GUOJIYANJIUTAISHIDEYANJIUSHUJULAIYUANWEIWeb of Science ISILUNWENSHUJUKU[1]。SHUJUJIANSUOSHIJINLIANGHANGAI “YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUDEZHULIULINGYU,DANWEISHEJI“YIDAIYILU”KUOZHANJIYINSHENLINGYU。   1 GUOJI“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUTAISHIFENXI   1.1 LUNWENSHULIANGNIANDUBIANHUA   (1)“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYIXIANGGUANYANJIUGUOJIHEXINLUNWENZI2015NIANYILAIZHUNIANPANSHENG。NIANJUNZENGZHANG170%,2018NIANYICHAO300PIAN。   (2)YUJI2019NIAN“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYIYANJIULUNWENJIANGCHAO500PIAN,ZHIDEQIDAI! TU1 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIULUNWENNIANDUFAZHANTAISHI   1.2 GUOJIA/DIQUFAWENLIANGFENXI   (1)HAOWUXUANNIAN,“YIDAIYILU”CHANGYIXIANGGUANYANJIUGUOJIHEXINLUNWENFAWENLIANG,ZHONGGUO466PIANWENJUBANGSHOU。   (2)MEIGUO、YINGGUO、AODALIYA、ZHONGGUOTAIWAN、HANGUO、XINJIAPO、JIANADA、YIDALIHEHELANFAWENLIANGPAIJINTOP10。   (3)65GE“YIDAIYILU”YANXIANGUOJIAZHONGYOU31%FABIAOLEXIANGGUANZHUTIYANJIULUNWEN,ZHANSUOYOUXIANGGUANYANJIUCHANCHUGUODEJINYIBAN。   (4)GUONEIWAIJIGOUJIANDEJINMIHEZUOSHI“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUDEZUIDATEZHENG,MEIGUO、YINGGUO、HANGUO、XINJIAPO、AODALIYAYUZHONGGUOGONGTONGCHANCHUDUOPIANLUNWEN,GUOWAIJIGOUZHIJIANYIYOUHEZUOCHANCHU。 TU2 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIULUNWENZHUYAOGUOJIA/DIQUFENBUYUHEZUO    TU3 “YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIUZHONGGUOYUQITAGUOJIAJIANHEZUOWANGLUOTU   1.3 GUONEIGESHENGFAWENLIANGFENXI   DIANZANBEIJING、JIANGSU、SHANGHAI、SHANXI、XIANGGANG、SICHUAN、GUANGDONG、SHANDONG、TAIWAN、HUBEI、LIAONING、XINJIANG、GANSUHEYUNNAN,ZHEIXIESHENGFENGUOJIHEXINLUNWENCHANCHUBIAOXIANYOUXIU!   YOUMEIYOUFAXIAN,ZHEIXIESHENGFENJIBENSHI“YIDAIYILU”YINGXIANGJIAODADEDONGNANYANHAIHESICHOUZHILUYANXIANDIQU? TU4 GUOJIHEXINQIKANDIYIZUOZHEGUONEIGESHENGFAWENLIANGFENBU   1.4 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIUGUOJIHEXINLUNWENGUANZHULENAXIELINGYU?   GUOJI“YIDAIYILU”KEXUEYANJIUZHUYAOSHEJIJINGJIXUE、GUOJIGUANXI、HUANJINGKEXUE、LVSEKECHIXUKEXUEJISHU、HUANJINGYANJIU、QUYUYANJIU、JIAOTONGYUNSHU、JIDIANYUDIANZIGONGCHENG、ZHENGZHIKEXUE、SHANGYEMAOYIDENGLINGYU。XUEZHEMENZHUYAOGUANZHULEJINGJIXUE、GUOJIGUANXIHEHUANJINGKEXUESANDALINGYU,XIANGGUANLUNWENZONGLIANGJUNCHAO10%。XIANGBIJIAOGUONEI,GUOJISHANGDUIYUHUANJINGKEXUEHEQUYUDEYANJIUBIZHONGGENGDA。 TU5 “YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIULUNWENZHONGDIANLINGYUFENBU   1.5 YANJIUFANGXIANGNIANDUBIANHUARUHE?   JINGJI、GUOJIGUANXI、HUANJINGKEXUE、LVSEKECHIXUKEXUEYUJISHU、HUANJINGYANJIUHEJIAOTONGDENGYANJIUFANGXIANGCHENGWEIREMEN。 TU6 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIUFANGXIANGNIANDUBIANHUA   1.6 “YIDAIYILU”YANJIUDEZHUZHANCHANGZAIZHONGGUO!   (1)QUANQIUYANJIU“YIDAIYILU”YANJIUJIGOULUNWENSHUTop30ZHONG,ZHONGGUOZHAN26GE!ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUAN、ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDAXUE、ZHEJIANGDAXUE、XIANGGANGLIGONGDAXUE、ZHANGANDAXUEPAIQIANWU!   (2)GUOJIJIGOUZHONGNANYANGLIGONGDAXUE、GUOLIXINJIAPODAXUE、AODALIYAGUOLIDAXUE、TASIMANIYADAXUEHEHANGUOZHONGYANGDAXUEBIAOXIANTUCHU。     1.7 “YIDAIYILU”GUOJIYANJIUREDIANGUANJIANCI   YUGUONEI“YIDAIYILU”XIANGGUANYANJIULINGYUXIANGBI,GUOJISHANGGUANYU“YIDAIYILU”DEYANJIUGENGJIACEZHONGYULVSEKECHIXUFAZHAN、QIHOUBIANHUAHEHUANJINGYANJIU、QUYUFAZHANYUDILIZHENGZHIXUEYIJIQUANQIUHUAHEHEZUOWANGLUOCHENGWEIREDIANGUANJIANCI。   TU7 GUANJIANCIJULEIGUANLIANTU   1.8 ZUIJUYINGXIANGLIDE10PIANLUNWEN        [1] WENXIANLEIXINGXUANZE“article”、“proceedings paper”、“review”HE“Book”,JIANSUORIQI:2019NIAN4YUE10RI。   [ NIUYIBO QUJIANSHENG ZHANGSHULIANG XIAOXIANTAO ] ZHUANGAO   (BANQUANSHUOMING:ZHUANZAIQINGLIANXIBENZHONGXIN、BINGQINGBEIZHULAIYUANJIZUOZHEXINXI。)

  4YUE8RISHANGWU,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZONGSHUJI、GUOJIAZHUXI、ZHONGYANGJUNWEIZHUXIXIJINPINGZAICANJIASHOUDOUYIWUZHISHUHUODONGSHIQIANGDIAO:“YAOFAYANGZHONGHUAMINZUAISHUZHISHUHUSHUHAOCHUANTONG,QUANGUODONGYUAN、QUANMINDONGSHOU、QUANSHEHUIGONGTONGCANYU,SHENRUTUIJINDAGUIMOGUOTULVHUAXINGDONG,TUIDONGGUOTULVHUABUDUANQUDESHISHIZAIZAIDECHENGXIAO。”   GUOTULVHUASHIYIXIANGGUANHUGUOJIASHENGTAIANQUANDEZHONGYAOGONGZUO,JIANGUOYILAI,DANGZHONGYANG、GUOJIALIJIELINGDAORENDOUGAODUFEICHANGZHONGSHIGUOTULVHUAGONGZUO。   XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHIHOU,MAOZEDONGZHUXICENGFACHU“LVHUAZUGUO”、“YAOSHIZUGUODEHESHANQUANBULVHUAQILAI”、“SHIXIANDADIYUANLINHUA”DEHAOZHAO,1956NIANWOGUOKAISHILEDIYIGE“12NIANLVHUAYUNDONG”。 ▼      -     YIDENGXIAOPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDIERDAILINGDAOREN,YU1978NIANPIZHUNXINGJIANBEICHENGWEISHIJIESHENGTAIGONGCHENGZHIZUIDE“SANBEI”FANGHULINTIXIJIANSHEGONGCHENG,1979NIANZHENGSHITONGGUOLEJIANGMEINIANDE3YUE12RIDINGWEIZHISHUJIEDEJUEYI,1981NIANTONGGUOLE《GUANYUKAIZHANQUANMINYIWUZHISHUYUNDONGDEJUEYI》,1982NIANCHENGLIZHONGYANGLVHUAWEIYUANHUI,1983NIANGEDISHENRUZHASHIKAIZHANLVHUAZUGUOYUNDONG,1984NIANTONGGUOLE《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOSENLINFA》。   ▼      -      -        YIJIANGZEMINTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDISANDAILINGDAOREN,FACHULE“QUANDANGDONGYUAN、QUANMINDONGSHOU、ZHISHUZAOLIN、LVHUAZUGUO”DEHAOZHAO,2001NIANKAISHISHISHITIANRANLINZIYUANBAOHU、TUIGENGHAILIN、JINGJINFENGSHAYUANZHILIDENGLIUDALINYEZHONGDIANGONGCHENG。   ▼      YIHUJINTAOTONGZHIWEIZONGSHUJIDEZHONGYANGLINGDAOTICHU“YIRENWEIBEN,QUANMIANXIEDIAOKECHIXUDEKEXUEFAZHANGUAN”,2003NIANFACHULE《GUANYUJIAKUAILINYEFAZHANDEJUEDING》。   ▼         DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIGAODUZHONGSHISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHE、BUDUANCHUANGXINSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHELINIANHESHIJIAN,TICHULIZUWOGUOSHIJI、FANGYANQUANQIUFAZHAN,ZAIGEZHONGGUOJIHUADELUNTAN、“SHANSHUILINTIANHUSHIYIGESHENGMINGGONGTONGTI”DENGZHONGYAOSIXIANG。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOYOUJIANG“JIANCHIRENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENG。”QUERENWEIXINSHIDAIJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEJIBENFANGLVEZHIYI。SHENRUTUIJINDAGUIMOGUOTULVHUAXINGDONGSHIGOUJIANSHENGMINGGONGTONGTIDEZHONGYAOSHIJIAN,GENGSHIGUANCHELUOSHI“JIANCHIRENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENG”JIBENFANGLVE,TUIJINWOGUOSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。        2013NIAN11YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIDANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUISHANGZUOGUANYU《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGERUOGANZHONGDAWENTIDEJUEDING》DETICHU:“WOMENYAORENSHIDAO,SHANSHUILINTIANHUSHIYIGESHENGMINGGONGTONGTI,RENDEMINGMAIZAITIAN,TIANDEMINGMAIZAISHUI,SHUIDEMINGMAIZAISHAN,SHANDEMINGMAIZAITU,TUDEMINGMAIZAISHU。”   DANGDESHIBAJIEWUZHONGQUANHUITONGGUOLE,《ZHONGGONGZHONGGUANYUZHIDINGGUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANDISHISANGEWUNIANGUIHUADEJIANYI》ZHONGZHONGDIANBUSHULE,BINGJINGSHIERJIEQUANGUORENDASICIHUIYITONGGUO。ZUOCHULE“KAIZHANDAGUIMOGUOTULVHUAXINGDONG”DEZHONGYAOBUSHU,BINGDUIXIAYIBUGUOTULVHUAGONGZUOTICHULEMINGQUEDEFANGXIANGHEYAOQIU。   2018NIAN1YUE4RI,QUANGUOLINYETINGJUZHANGHUIYIXIHUALEZHONGYANGJINGJIGONGZUOHUIYI“QIDONGDAGUIMOGUOTULVHUAXINGDONG”DEBUSHU,TICHUWOGUOJIANGQIDONGDAGUIMOGUOTULVHUAXINGDONG,LIZHENGDAO2020NIANSENLINFUGAILVDADAO23.04%、DAO2035NIANDADAO26%、DAOBENSHIJIZHONGYEDADAOSHIJIEPINGJUNSHUIPING。   ▼       ZHU:WENZHONGTUPIANLAIYUANYUWANGLUO   [PEIHUIJUAN QUJIANSHENG] BIANZHUAN   

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